Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

1. Energy in the human life.

     Energy plays an important role in human life. Electricity drives the machines and tools in factories. We can not imagine our life without light and support appliances in our homes. With the creation of energy, it is divided into thermal, wind, nuclear, light, water and so on. 

     I want to talk about nuclear power in Japan. It is produced at nuclear power plants. This is a large and complex structure. There are many workers. Nuclear energy provides 18% of total electricity generation.

 

2. The first nuclear power plant in Japan.

     Fukushima-1 is one of the twenty five largest nuclear power plants in the world. It's abbreviated name is 1F.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

     It was built in Fukushima Prefecture near the town of Okuma and Futaba. It was put into operation in 1971. The first nuclear power plant was built by the Tokyo Power Company (TEPCO). 

     Nuclear power had six units originally. It produced 4.7 gigawatts of energy. All six units have been closed because of an accident in March  2011.

 

3. The risks of nuclear power.

     Nuclear electricity is considered a powerful, but it is dangerous. In March 2011, a strong earthquake and tsunami hit the Fukushima. The explosion at the Fukushima-1 was the largest nuclear disaster after Chernobyl accident.

    The accident in 2011 brought destruction, radiation contamination, damage. About 160 thousand people to flee their homes. Then all units tested for serviceability. Since all six reactors have not resumed work.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

    It was put forward environmental issues and the closure of most nuclear power plants in Japan. As the country is in a seismically active zone. After the accident were stopped all forty-eight nuclear reactors in the country. Almost two years not working nuclear power in Japan. Audited units have re-launch in 2013. The new rules of Japanese nuclear power plants are the most demanding in the world.

 

4. Other nuclear power plants.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

   It was built twenty one nuclear plant in Japan. Sixteen nuclear units were closed. 

    In 2007, construction began on a new nuclear power station Omagh. It is located near the city Hakodat on the island of Hokkaido. The population of the town filed a lawsuit to stop the construction of the nuclear power plant. 

    Also in 2010 began construction of a new nuclear reactor at the Shimane nuclear power plant.

 

   Nuclear power plant Fukushima-2 was built to the south of Fukushima-1. 

 It is located near the city Naraha in the distance 11.5 km from the first nuclear power plant. It serves the Tokyo Power Company TEPCO too. Its abbreviated name is 2F. There are 4 nuclear reactors. Its total capacity is 4.7 gigawatts of power.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

   Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant is located on the island of Honshu. It was built on the coast near the town Omaedzaky. It began to build in 1971. The first unit was commissioned in 1976. Now it has five nuclear reactors. In 2009, the first two nuclear reactors were shut down for routine check. Only three nuclear reactors give energy today. Their total capacity is 3.6 gigawatts of energy. The fifth nuclear reactor is improved. He was commissioned in 2004. Also in Omaedzaky is the center for the study of nuclear energy. It serves Japanese electric power company Chubu Electric Power Inc.    

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

   Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant was built on the Pacific Ocean. It began to build in 1980. The first unit was commissioned in 1983. It is located in Isynomaky Myyaha prefecture. This distance is 70 kilometers northeast of the major city of Sendai. It covers an area of 1.73 square kilometers. It has three nuclear reactors. Their total capacity of 2.2 gigawatts of energy. It serves the Japanese power company Tohoku.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

    Nuclear Power Kasyvadzaky-Karyva is on one of the largest facilities in the world. It is located in Niigata prefecture Kasyvadzaky. It began to build in 1980. The first unit was commissioned in 1985. Now it has seven nuclear reactors. The two newer reactors have improved. Their total capacity of 8.2 GW of electricity. It serves the Tokyo Power Company TEPCO.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

     Sendai Nuclear Power Plant located on the island of Kyushu. It has two units. Their total capacity is 1.7 gigawatts of energy. It serves Japanese company Kyushu Electric Power. In 2011, the city of Sendai also suffered from the earthquake, many people died.  Now reactors meet the new safety requirements.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

    Takahama Nuclear Power Plant is located in Takahama, Fukui Prefecture. Construction of the first unit started in April 1970. It covers an area of 1.6 square kilometers. It has four operating reactors. Their total capacity is 3.3 GW of power. Kansai Electric Power Company owns the nuclear power plant. In February 2016 shut down one reactor. The device automatically disconnected because of overload power reactor.

Different kinds of energy Nuclear power in Japan

 

5. Prospects for nuclear power plants.

     The Japanese government said that nuclear energy is important for the development of Japan. However, the government puts safety first in the matter of plant operation.

 

    Almost all of Japan's nuclear power plants are on the coast. As small rivers used for irrigation and water supply, they can not provide water to cool nuclear reactors. So many nuclear power plants are located in special areas, although this increases the cost of construction. As the number of units Japan follows the United States and France.

 

    Nuclear power plants do not pay off ever. Reactors increasing age, become vulnerable and dangerous. Once the question, how much will it cost the dismantling and disposal of waste because all nuclear power plants financed by public funds. In spring 2015 the operators decided to decommission five oldest nuclear reactors Japan.

  

    After the accident at the plant rose interest in alternative energy sources. They are solar, wind, biologically pure and so on. I think people should understand that renewable energies are better and safer than nuclear monsters. In Germany, for example, the government put an end to the times of the atom, when thay saw the pictures of destruction Fukushima-1. Survey of the International Atomic Energy Agency showed that only one in five Japanese believe nuclear power is safe to build new nuclear power plants.

 

 

Plan.

1. Energy in the human life.

2. The first nuclear power plant in Japan.

3. The risks of nuclear power.

4. Other nuclear power plants.

5. Prospects for nuclear power plants.

  




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